JOURNAL OF MIDSHIPMAN FREDERICK BAURY

(27 OCTOBER 1812 ‑16 FEBRUARY 1813),

IN MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY


 

 

27 Oct 1812 1500 Sailed ‑‑ 1700 passed Boston Light ‑‑ fresh breezes ‑‑ HORNET incompany.

 

28 Oct 1812 Strong NE gales; rain.

 

29 Oct 1812 "Hard gales" veering W; rough seas ‑‑ 10 kts.

 

30 Oct 1812 Light W breezes.

 

31 Oct 1812 Exercised at general quarters.

 

1 Nov 1812 Heavy SW swell ‑‑ exercised at general quarters ‑‑ 10 kts (2 hours).

 

3 Nov 1812 Exercised at general quarters.

 

4 Nov 1812 1100 "The Sharp Shooters Exercising at a Mark" ‑‑ exercised at generalquarters.

 

5 Nov 1812 Moderate ‑‑ 10 kts (4 hours) ‑‑ 1600 in chase ‑‑ cleared for action ‑‑ American ship STAR spoke.

 

6 Nov 1812 John Toothaken [sic] died ‑‑ pleasant ‑‑ 1330 Captain Lawrence ofHORNET came aboard ‑‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

7 Nov 1812 Strong gales ‑‑ 10 kts (3 hours) ‑‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

8 Nov 1812 More moderate; fresh breezes ‑‑ 1200 in chase ‑‑ 1330 HORNET boardedAmerican brig SOUTH CAROLINA, found British license ‑‑ SailingMaster Cox of HORNET made prizemaster.

 

9 Nov 1812 Heavy gales.

 

10 Nov 1812 Moderate.

 

11 Nov 1812 Pleasant.

 

12 Nov 1812 Pleasant ‑‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

13 Nov 1812 Moderate, then squally ‑‑ exercised great guns by divisions.

 

14 Nov 1812 Fresh breezes ‑‑ stowing "starb. bower" on the "Gunwalls."

 

15 Nov 1812 Fresh breezes ‑‑ 1100 mustered crew; read Articles of War.

 

16 Nov 1812 Light breezes ‑‑ about 1100 Captain Lawrence on board ‑‑ 1330 exercisedgreat guns by divisions ‑‑ 1800 Lawrence departed.

 

17 Nov 1812 Fresh breezes ‑‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

18 Nov 1812 1000 "Exercised the Marines & Riflemen at a Mark" ‑‑ pleasant.

 

19 Nov 1812 Light breezes ‑‑ 1300 Captain Lawrence aboard ‑‑ 1730 Lawrence left.

 

20 Nov 1812 Moderate ‑‑ 10 kts (6 hours).

 

21 Nov 1812 "Moderate Trades."

 

22 Nov 1812 (Sunday) Rain showers ‑‑ 1200 Mustered crew and "read prayers."

 

23 Nov 1812 Heavy squalls ‑‑ filled empty casks with rain water ‑‑ exercised at generalquarters.

 

24 Nov 1812 Squally ‑‑ 16‑1800 "exercised the Boarders with Small Arms."

 

25 Nov 1812 "rainy disagreeable Weather" ‑‑ exercised the great guns by divisions.

 

26 Nov 1812 Moderate ‑‑ 0930 Captain Lawrence, Lieutenant Ballard, and LieutenantSteward [sic] came aboard ‑‑ fired 1 gun for court martial of MarineJames Penshaw "for threatening the Life of Midn Dulany."

 

27 Nov 1812 Moderate.

 

28 Nov 1812 Moderate.

 

29 Nov 1812 Gentle breezes ‑‑ showers ‑‑ read prayers ‑‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

30 Nov 1812 Fresh breezes ‑‑ 1630 "Beat to Quarters Exercised the Great Guns &manovered [sic] with the Hornet."

 

1 Dec 1812 Moderate.

 

2 Dec 1812 0700 Sighted land ‑‑ 1200 anchored off Ferdinand Noronha Island in 17fathoms ‑‑ watering party sent ashore.

 

3 Dec 1812 "...painting the Quarterdeck..." ‑‑ no water due to high surf.

 

4 Dec 1812 8 casks of water received ‑‑ cloudy ‑‑ 1230 sailed ‑‑ standing off and onisland.

 

5 Dec 1812 Fresh breezes ‑‑ 1430 received 12 pigs from HORNET ‑‑ exercised atgeneral quarters.

 

6 Dec 1812 Pleasant ‑‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

7 Dec 1812 0830 Found the fore topgallant yard sprung; replaced it ‑‑ moderatebreezes ‑‑ exercised the great guns by divisions.

 

8 Dec 1812 Fresh breezes ‑‑ 1800 town of "Pernibuco" WNW 8 leagues.

 

9 Dec 1812 Light airs ‑‑ 1145 "Cape Agustin" SW ‑‑ John Penshaw received 50 lashesby sentence of the court martial ‑‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

10 Dec 1812 Moderate ‑‑ scraped gun carriages -‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

11 Dec 1812 Moderate.

 

12 Dec 1812 0745 Saw land ‑‑ 0800 "chase" sighted ‑‑ 0900 Bainbridge aboardHORNET ‑‑ 1200 Bainbridge back ‑‑ moderate.

 

13 Dec 1812 0500 Saw land from WNW to WbN1/2W ‑‑ 0700 sent to HORNETfor water ‑‑ gentle breezes ‑‑ 1400 "read Prayers to the Crew" -- 1930finished watering from HORNET ‑‑ HORNET sent to San Salvador.

 

14 Dec 1812 Brisk gales ‑‑ standing off and on ‑‑ 0500 saw 3 sail, largest HORNET.

 

15 Dec 1812 Light breezes; rain.

 

16 Dec 1812 Still laying off and on ‑‑ fresh breezes.

 

17 Dec 1812 "...white washing & painting the Gun Deck..." ‑‑ pleasant ‑‑ exercised atgeneral quarters.

 

18 Dec 1812 Rain ‑‑ still laying off and on ‑‑ 1500 Captain Lawrence aboard ‑‑ sentboats to get provisions, water, fruit from HORNET ‑‑ 1900 exercised atgeneral quarters ‑‑ resumed laying off and on with HORNET.

 

19 Dec 1812 Watering from HORNET; also got sugar cane ‑‑ exercised at generalquarters.

 

20 Dec 1812 Light airs ‑‑ 1200 read Articles of War to the crew, then prayers.

 

21 Dec 1812 Light airs.

 

22 Dec 1812 Moderate.

 

23 Dec 1812 Light airs.

 

24 Dec 1812 Flying clouds.

 

25 Dec 1812 Light airs ‑‑ 1030 Captain Lawrence aboard.

 

26 Dec 1812 Rainy.

 

27 Dec 1812 (Sunday) Fresh gales.

 

28 Dec 1812 Moderate, squally.

 

29 Dec 1812 "At 9 AM Discovd [sic] two Strange Sail on our weather Bow" [windWNW, course E] ‑‑ "At 10 AM Disco [sic] the Sails to be ShipsOne Standing In for the Land & the Other Standing off ‑ & Incling [sic]towards us" [course NW] ‑‑ "At 11 Tacked to the S & E hauled up theMain Sail & Took In the Royals Discovd [sic] the Sail Standing for us tobe a man of war. At 1/2 past 11 AM Made the Private Signal of the Day which was not answered Set the Main Sail & Royal to Draw the StrangeSail from the Nuteral [sic] Coast ‑‑ Ends with moderate breezes & hazey[sic] weather" ‑‑ "Commences with Clear Weather & Moderate breezesfrom the ENE hoisted our Ensign & Penant [sic] At 12.15 PM hoistedEnglish Colors having a Signal flying at her Main red-over‑yellow‑ over‑red] At 1.26 being Sufficiently from the Land & finding the Ship to be an English Frigate Took in the Main Sail & Royal Tacked Ship & Stood forthe Enemy At 1.50 PM the Enemy bore down with An Intention to rakeus which we avoided by wearing At 2 PM The enemy being within half aMile of us & to Windward & having hauled Down her Colors to Dip hisGaff ‑ & Not hoisting them again Except an Union Jack At the Mizen[sic] Masthead / we having Hoisted an American Jack Foreward [sic] $ at the Main our Ensign, At the Miz T G Masthead & at the Gaff ‑Induced [ ? ] to Give orders to the Offs of the 3 divisions to fire oneGun

  Gun Ahead of the enemy to Make him Sho [sic] Colours [sic] on whichhe hoisted an English [sic] At the Mizen Peck [sic] & Another At hisWeather Main rigging besides his Penant & the Amediately [sic]Returned our fire which brought on a General Action with round & Grape.  The Grape The enemy Keeping at a Much Greater Distance that [sic]we wished but could not bring him to closer Action without Exposing Our Selves to Several rakes Considerable manouvers [sic] were Madeby bothe [sic] Ships to rake & avoid being raked The following Minutes were Taken during the Action

"At 2.10 PM Com the Action Within grape & Canister Distance enemyto Windward

"At 2.30 Our wheel were Shott Entirely Away

"At 2.40 Determined to Close With the Enemy notwithstanding hisraking Set the Fore Sail & Luffed up Close to him

"At 2.50 The Enemies [sic] Jib Boom Got foul of our Mizen rigging

"At 3 The Head of the enemies Bowsprit & Jib Boom was Shott [sic]Away by us

"At 3.5 Shott Away the Enemies Fore Mast

"At 3.15 Shott Away his Main Top Mast Just Above the Cap

"At 3.40 Shott Away his Gaff & Spanker Boom

"At 4.05 Having silenced the fire of the Enemy Completely & his colorsIn the Main rigging being down Supposed he had Struck Hauled on Board the Courses & Shott a head [sic] to Repair our Rigging which wasBadly Cut the enemy a compleat Wreck ‑ Soon After Discovd [sic] theEnemy Flag Still Flying hove too to repair some of our Damages At 4.20PM The Enemies Main Mast went by the Board ‑ At 4.50 Wore Ship &Stood for the enemy At 5.25 Got Verry [sic] close to the enemy In aRaking position athwart his Bows & was At the Verry Instant of rakinghim when She Most prudently hauled down his Colours [sic] had theEnemy suffered the Broadside to have raked him previous to his Strikinghis additional Loss must have been Verry Grate [sic] Laying Like a Logupon the Water perfectly unmanageable We could have continued rakinghim without being Exposed to more than two of his Guns (If even them)After the Enemy had Struck Wore Ship & reefed our Top Sails Hoistedout one of the Two remain [sic] Boats we had left out of Eight & Sent LtParker Our 1st Lieut to take possession of him which was about 6 PMThe Action Continued from the Commencing to the Ending of the FireOne Hour & 55 MinutesOur Sails & rigging much [sic] & Some of ourSpars Injured had 9 Killed & 15 Wounded At 7 PM The Boat returnedwith Lt Chads the 1st Lt of the Enemies Frigate From Which we Learntwas the Java (rated a 38 ‑ but mounting 49 Guns) ‑ & Lieut GeneralHislop Appointed to Command In the East Indies Major Walker & CapnWood belonging to his Staff. Capt Lambert of the Java Was too dangerously wounded to be Amediately [sic] removed The Cutterreturned on Board for the Prisoners & brought Capt Martin Mastr &Comr of the British Navy Who was Passenger on Board As AlsoSeveral Officers Destined for Ships In the East Indies The Number HeHad on Board At the time of the Action His Officers have not theCandor to Say from the Different papers we have & Also her Q Bill &Watch Bill He Must have had 400 Souls He had one Man More at EachGun than what we had The enemy had 60 Killed & 101 WoundedCertainly But By a Letter Written In this Ship (by one of the Off of theJava) & Accidentally found It is Evident her wounded was [sic] manymore than above Stated & Who must have Dyed [sic] of the Woundsbefore removed the Letter says 60 Killed 170 Wounded ‑ The Java wasan Important Ship fitted out in the Compleatest Manner to Carry out Lt.Gen Hislop & Despatches She Had Copper &c for the Building of 2 74at Bom Bay [sic] & a Great Ma[n]y Other Valuables But Every Thingwas Blown up With her Except the Officer Baggage When we set her onfire Jany 1st 1813Wearing & Tacking Throughout the Night BoatsEmp bringing on Board the Prisoners All Hands Empd repairing Damages In the Rigging &  Spars"

 

30 Dec 1812 A new main topsail yard being readied ‑‑ replaced mainsail.

 

31 Dec 1812 Replaced the main topsail and jib ‑‑ JAVA fired about 1300 ‑‑ 1500 blewup ‑‑ 1800 new main topsail yard up.

 

1 Jan 1813 Moderate ‑‑ 0830 general quarters ‑‑ 1500 Captain Lawrence aboard ‑‑1530 3 cheers from HORNET ‑‑ 1900 anchored in San Salvador withllarboard bower.

 

2 Jan 1813 Watering ‑‑ 1400 began offloading prisoners.

 

3 Jan 1813 More enlisted prisoners offloaded ‑‑ "Empd Getting out fishes for the Mast"‑‑ pleasant ‑‑ 1200 Seaman Stephen Welsh [?] died of  wounds ‑‑ "fishingour Spars."

 

4 Jan 1813 "Ten Carpen Came on Board from Bahia to assist us in our Repairs EmpdFishing Our Fore & Mizen Mast" ‑‑ fresh breezes ‑‑ still watering  andprovisioning.

 

5 Jan 1813 Still watering ‑‑ "remarkable Warm" ‑‑ 1300 sailed ‑‑ 1600 CaptainLawrence aboard ‑‑ about 2100 Lawrence departed.

 

6 Jan 1812 1100 Lieutenant Shubrick transferred to HORNET ‑‑ Lieutenant Ballardjoined from HORNET as 2nd Lieutenant ‑‑ Lieutenant Hoffman  "reducedto 3d" ‑‑ 1630 parted from HORNET ‑‑ Ordinary Seaman ReubenSanderline died of wounds.

 

7 Jan 1813 Pleasant ‑‑ HORNET's prize schooner in tow.

 

8 Jan 1813 Pleasant.

 

9 Jan 1813 Pleasant, then rainy.

 

10 Jan 1813 Read prayers.

 

11 Jan 1813 1200 "All hands Empd In getting down the Main Top Mast & Getting up anew one ‑ the Old one having Suffered by a Shott [sic] In the LateAction."

 

12 Jan 1813 Fresh breezes.

 

13 Jan 1813 Squally ‑‑ 2310 saw land.

 

14 Jan 1813 Squally ‑‑ saw land.

 

15 Jan 1813 Prize in tow again ‑‑ saw land.

 

16 Jan 1813 Clear.

 

17 Jan 1813 (Sunday) Light breezes ‑‑ prize in tow again ‑‑ read prayers.

 

18 Jan 1813 Fresh breezes.

 

19 Jan 1813 Pleasant ‑‑ prize in tow ‑‑ "wounded doing well."

 

20 Jan 1813 Squally.

 

21 Jan 1813 Squally ‑‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

22 Jan 1813 Moderate ‑‑ exercised at general quarters twice.

 

23 Jan 1813 Squally.

 

24 Jan 1813 Squally ‑‑ 10 kts (2 hours) ‑‑ "dirty weather" ‑‑ 1700 Ordinary SeamanJohn Chiver [sic] died of wounds.

 

25 Jan 1813 Squally ‑‑ 0700 burial at sea.

 

26 Jan 1813 Fresh gales ‑‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

27 Jan 1813 Fresh gales ‑‑ "regular NE trades" ‑‑ exercised at general quarters.

 

28 Jan 1813 Fresh gales ‑‑ 10 kts (2 hours).

 

29 Jan 1813 0130 "Lt John C. Elwin [sic] Died of his Wounds" ‑‑ 1130 Aylwin buried atsea with military honors ‑‑ fresh trades ‑‑ exercised at general quarters ‑‑ 10 kts (2 hours) ‑‑ 11 kts (3 hours).

 

30 Jan 1813 Strong winds ‑‑ 11 kts (2 hours) ‑‑ 10 kts (3 hours).

 

31 Jan 1813 Moderate ‑‑ 11 kts (4 hours).

 

1 Feb 1813 Pleasant ‑‑ 10 kts (3 hours).

 

2 Feb 1813 Pleasant.

 

3 Feb 1813 Fresh winds.

 

4 Feb 1813 Cloudy ‑‑ exercised at general quarters ‑‑ 822 miles to Boston.

 

5 Feb 1813 Light airs.

 

6 Feb 1813 Squally.

 

7 Feb 1813 Squally ‑‑ 1200 buried Peter Furnace, who died of wounds ‑‑ Boston 538 miles.

 

8 Feb 1813 Fresh breezes.

 

9 Feb 1813 Cloudy.

 

10 Feb 1813 Disagreeable weather.

 

11 Feb 1813 Got "Block Island soundings."

 

12 Feb 1813 Cloudy ‑‑ going around Nantucket Shoal.

 

The pages dated 13 through 16 February 1813 are blank.